Over the last fifty years, the percentage of people around the globe living in urban areas has increased from 30% to over 50%, but cities have not seen a corresponding increase in political power. In the United States, over half the population lives in just 39 metro areas, but each of these areas consist of many different municipal, county and even state governments. Despite these significant demographic shifts, cities have not seen a corresponding increase in political power. Instead, nation-states and transnational institutions that network them have become the centers of power relations.
Legislature-driven devolution of power presents one path for shifting power to municipalities. Redrawing boarders and creating new political entities that more closely correspond to the emerging needs of local and regional residents is another.